Licheng SUN, PhD

School of Science

The Sun Laboratory on Solar Fuels & Solar Cells
Center of Artificial Photosynthesis for Solar Fuels (CAP for Solar Fuels @Westlake)




Licheng SUN, PhD

School of Science

The Sun Laboratory on Solar Fuels & Solar Cells
Center of Artificial Photosynthesis for Solar Fuels (CAP for Solar Fuels @Westlake)




Think something different. You don’t do, I do. You do, I do better. Westlake University is a place you can turn your dream into truth sooner.


Prof. Licheng Sun received his B.S. (1984), M.S. (1987) and Ph.D. (1990) degree from Dalian University of Technology (DUT). He performed postdoc research at Max-Planck-Institut für Strahlenchemie, Mülheim an der Ruhr, Germany, and Freie Universität Berlin as an Alexander von Humboldt fellow. He joined KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden as an assistant professor in 1997, became an associate professor in 1999 at Department of Organic Chemistry, Stockholm University and appointed as a full professor in 2004 at Department of Chemistry, KTH Royal Institute of Technology. He served as director of DUT-KTH Joint Education and Research Center on Molecular Devices since 2006, Distinguished Professor of the Swedish Research Council (VR Rådsprofessor) since 2017. Prof. Sun joined Westlake University as a Chair Professor of Chemistry in April 2020, and serves as the Director of CAP for Solar Fuels @Westlake.

Research Achievements

Prof. Sun’s research work mainly focuses on artificial photosynthesis, dye sensitized solar cells, perovskite solar cells, bio-inspired catalysts for water oxidation and hydrogen generation, nano-materials and photoelectrochemical cells for water splitting, CO2 reduction and N2 fixation. Prof. Sun has made outstanding scientific contribution to the design and synthesis of molecular catalysts for water oxidation with the catalytic efficiency comparable to the OEC (oxygen evolution complex) in Nature (Photosystem II), and deep insight studies on the reaction mechanisms of O-O bond formation. Prof. Sun serves as editorial board chairman of ChemSusChem, associate editor of J. Energy Chemistry, International Advisory Board Member of several scientific journals. He is the recipient of Ulla och Stig Holmquist Prize in Organic Chemistry (2013), Arrhenius Medal (2014), Smart Energy Technology Award (2016) from International Association of Advanced Materials, and Wallmark Prize (2016) from the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Thomson Reuters/Clarivate Highly Cited Researcher 2014, 2017, 2018 and 2019. He was elected as Chemistry Europe Fellow, class 2016/2017. Received International Science and Technology Cooperation Award of P.R. China 2018.

Representative Publications

1.“A Bio-inspired Coordination Polymer as Outstanding Water Oxidation Catalyst via Second Coordination Sphere Engineering”
W. Li, F. Li, H. Yang, X. Wu, P. Zhang, Y. Shan, L. Sun
Nature Commun. 2019, 10, 5074 (1-11).

2.“Ru-bda: Unique Molecular Water-Oxidation Catalysts with Distortion Induced Open Site and Negatively Charged Ligands”
B. Zhang, L. Sun
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2019, 141, 5565-5580.

3.“Polymeric, Cost-Effective, Dopant-Free Hole Transport Materials for Efficient and Stable Perovskite Solar Cells”
F. Zhang, Z. Yao, Y. Guo, Y. Li, J. Begstrand, C. Brett, B. Cai, A. Hajian, Y. Guo, X. Yang, J. Gardner, J. Widengren, S. Roth, L. Kloo, L. Sun
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2019, 141, 19700-19707.

4.“Paired Electrocatalytic Oxygenation and Hydrogenation of Organic Substrates with Water as the Oxygen and Hydrogen Source”
P. Zhang, X. Sheng, X. Chen, Z. Fang, J. Jiang, M. Wang, F. Li, L. Fan, Y. Ren, B. Zhang, B. Timmer, M. Ahlquist, L. Sun
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2019, 58, 9155.

5.“Dendritic Core-Shell NiFeCu Metal/Metal Oxide Electrode for Efficient Electrocatalytic Water Oxidation”
P. Zhang, L. Li, D. Nordlund, H. Chen, L. Fan, B. Zhang, X. Sheng, Q. Daniel, L. Sun
Nature Commun. 2018, 9, 381.

6.“Device Fabrication for Water Oxidation, Hydrogen Generation and CO2 Reduction via Molecular Engineering”
F. Li, H. Yang, W. Li, L. Sun
Joule 2018, 2, 36-60.

7.“Hollow Iron–Vanadium Composite Spheres: A Highly Efficient Iron-Based Water Oxidation Electrocatalyst without the Need for Nickel or Cobalt”
K. Fan, Y. Ji, H. Zou, J. Zhang, B. Zhu, H. Chen, Q. Daniel, Y. Luo, J. Yu, L. Sun
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2017, 56, 3289-3293.

8.“Tailor-Making Low-Cost Spiro[fluorene-9,9'-xanthene]-Based 3D Oligomers for Perovskite Solar Cells”
B. Xu, J. Zhang, Y. Hua, P. Liu, L. Wang, C. Ruan, Y. Li, G. Boschloo, E. Johansson, L. Kloo, A. Hagfeldt, A. Jen, L. Sun
Chem. 2017, 2, 676-687.

9.“Nickel-Vanadium Monolayer Double Hydroxide for Efficient Electrochemical Water Oxidation”
K. Fan, H. Chen, Y. Ji, H. Huang, P. M. Claesson, Q. Daniel, B. Philippe, H. Rensmo, F. Li, Y. Luo, L. Sun
Nature Commun. 2016, 7, 11981.

10.“A Low-cost Spiro[fluorene-9,9’-xanthene]-based Hole Transport Material for Efficient Solid-state Dye-sensitized Solar Cells and Perovskite Solar Cells”
B. Xu, D. Bi, Y. Hua, P. Liu, M. Cheng, M. Graetzel, L. Kloo, A. Hagfeldt, L. Sun
Energy Environ. Sci. 2016, 9, 873-877.

11.“A closer mimic of the oxygen evolution complex of photosystem II”
L. Sun
Science 2015, 348, 635-636.

12.“Highly efficient bio-inspired molecular Ru water oxidation catalysts with negatively charged backbone ligands”
L. Duan, L. Wang, F. Li, F. Li, L. Sun
Acc. Chem. Res. 2015, 48, 2084-2096.

13.“An Organic dye-sensitized tandem photoelectrochemical cell for light driven water splitting”
F. Li, K. Fan, B. Xu, E. Gabrielsson, Q. Daniel, L. Li, L. Sun
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137, 9153-9159.

14.“Carbazole-Based Hole-Transport Materials for Efficient Solid-State Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells and Perovskite Solar Cells”
B. Xu, E. Sheibani, P. Liu, J. Zhang, H. Tian, N. Vlachopoulos, G. Boschloo, L. Kloo, A. Hagfeldt, L. Sun
Adv. Mater. 2014, 26, 6629-6634.

15.“Visible Light Driven Water Splitting in A Molecular Device with Unprecedently High Photocurrent Density”
Y. Gao, X. Ding, J. Liu, L. Wang, Z. Lu, L. Li, L. Sun
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2013, 135, 4219-4222.

16.“Highly Efficient and Robust Molecular Ruthenium Catalysts for Water Oxidation”
L. Duan, C. M. Araujo, M. S. G. Ahlquist, L. Sun
PNAS 2012, 109, 15584-15588.

17.“A Molecular Ruthenium Catalyst with the Water-Oxidation Activity Comparable to that of Photosystem II”
L. Duan, F. Bozoglian, S. Mandal, B. Stewart, T. Privalov, A. Llobet, L. Sun
Nature Chem. 2012, 4, 418-423.

18.“Highly Efficient Electrochemical Water Oxidation by Molecular Catalyst Immobilized on Carbon Nanotubes”
F. Li, B. Zhang, X. Li, Y. Jiang, L. Chen, X. Li, L. Sun
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2011, 50, 12276-12279.

19.“Organic Redox Couples and Organic Counter Electrodes for Efficient Organic Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells”
H. Tian, Z. Yu, A. Hagfeldt, L. Kloo, L. Sun
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2011, 133, 9413-9422.

20.“Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells”
A. Hagfeldt, G. Boschloo, L. Sun, L. Kloo, H. Pettersson
Chem. Rev. 2010, 110, 6595-6663.

Contact and Open Positions

Please contact, if you are interested in joining  The Sun Laboratory on Solar Fuels & Solar Cells as postdoc, researcher or joining the Center of Artificial Photosynthesis for Solar Fuels (CAP for Solar Fuels @Westlake) as PI.